Also known as Kiwa Kiwa. Has ladder-like fronds measuring up to 50 cm long. Growing in a distinctive ground-hugging rosette shape. Its has fertile fronds that are dark brown, spiky and  stand upright from the centre, whilst the drooping sterile fronds with their nearly round leaflets, form the rosette. As the parent plant ages it develops a short trunk central to a surrounding colony.

May grow to between 50cm and 100cm.